Click here to read Hancock College English professor Marc García-Martínez's commentary on the narrative and metaphor of Cinco de Mayo.
or peek below the picture...
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(thanks to SMU's Central DeGolyer Library for the image)
The True Message of Cinco de Mayo
To celebrate Cinco de Mayo, one must first travel back to May 5, 1862, where Napoleon’s invading imperialistic French forces encountered a fervent resistance from the Mexican army and militia near the town of Puebla.
The mighty French forces, 8,000 strong, observed the hungry, poorly outfitted and seemingly undisciplined Mexican army of 4,000-some equipped with sticks, rocks and farm equipment. The French came to the conclusion they could move forward without difficulty and commandeer the entire country.
The French misconception of the Mexican army as patently inferior and vulnerable led to a sad loss of more than 1,000 of their men at Puebla. Their powerful troops were decisively repelled by the brave Mexicans in a profound event, symbolic of not only human courage but national unity and pride.
Thus May 5th presents itself not as the obligatory, cheery fiesta most think it to be, but as a compelling narrative and an exquisite metaphor.
The original incident occurred as an act of war, but the body of the defending army — which was wrongly considered anything but capable of resisting — might as well represent the collective body of our local college students who are currently in the challenging throes of educating themselves, of working in the classrooms to prove something beyond grades, of bettering their present and perhaps unforeseen situations at work while taking care of their loved ones at home.
To these students, I say forget the partying on Cinco de Mayo, for such a holiday instead offers you insight into the ways a people and a community are oftentimes wrongly viewed and mistreated.
Cinco de Mayo tells a tale of how most of our leaders are hard-hearted to the pain and injustice caused by the cruel values of military supremacy and economic imperialism. A tale where most leaders are insensitive to the sting and distress caused by severe education funding cuts, while ignoring tuition hikes. A tale of the way most leaders reveal how numb they are to the fear and indignity caused by legislation to raise the interest rates on student loans, or to abolish affirmative action as well as ethnic studies programs.
Cinco de Mayo is occurring all around you, all the time, and so as the French’s misconception of the Mexicans as unskilled, ineffectual or vulnerable, most of our leaders who make decisions regarding your academic, social and personal lives are also guilty of a kind of misconception about you. This misconception is huge, and it is unfair. You must ask yourselves what you should do to stand up against the dreaded decisions they all-too-conveniently and unilaterally make about your collective future.
And if you insist on celebrating this holiday on a social, trivial or alcoholic level, that is fine. Just be sure you make it back to class on Monday and refocus your efforts to end the spring term with hard work and honor.
But also celebrate the amazing story that is Cinco de Mayo — a remarkable and moving real-life legend about a people and a community tired of being pushed around. It is a legend about libertad, about truth vs. stereotype, and about imperial occupation of the world and deceitful occupation of the mind.
Indeed, there can be another "battle" of Puebla here in Santa Maria, and beyond, when we all realize that such affronts, invasions and occupations of the mind must be met by a drive to question such occupation, to reject the rhetoric and overcome it to achieve a livable degree of justice and dignity.
Beyond the stereotypes is the welcome hope that Cinco de Mayo truly brings to all of us.
Marc García-Martínez is an Associate Professor of English at Hancock College.